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 Sevenhills  Sightseeing

SOUVENIRS FROM ISTANBUL

You will find some brief information about the customs, whether, money, etc… that may help you while planning your visit as well as your opinions, thoughts and souvenirs from İstanbul. We welcome and highly appreciate any feedback or comment especially from the people who joined our trips or just interested at our pages.

You will also find some interesting pictures from our trips and daily life in İstanbul.

Our links at the bottom of this page are always ones that we believe the best to help you plan your trips to İstanbul.

USEFUL INFORMATION ABOUT TURKEY

Turkey is a paradise of sun, sea, mountains, and lakes that offers an ideal climate, providing perfect conditions in which a visitor can relax on the sandy beaches or enjoy the peace of mountains and lakes. Turkey has a magnificent past, and is a land full of historic treasures covering thir teen successive civilizations.There is no doubt that one visit will not be enough, and you will want to come back again as you discover one extraordinary place after another. All of them, no matter how different, have one thing in common, the friendly and hospitable people of this unique country

Turkey has been called "the cradle of civilization" and by travelling through this his toric land the tourist will discover exactly what is meant by this phrase. The world's first town, a neolithic city at Catalhoyuk, dates back to 6,500 BC. From the days of Catalhoyuk up to the present time Turkey boasts of a rich culture that through the centuries has made a lasting impression on modern civilization. The heir many centuries of cultures makes Turkey a paradise of information and cultural wealth. Hattis, Hittites, Phrygians, Urartians, Lycians, Lydians, lonians, Persians, Macedonians, Romans, Byzantines, Seljuks, and Ottomans have all held important places in Turkey's history, and ancient sites and ruins scattered throughout the country give proof to each civilization's unique distinction.

Turkey's land mass is 774.815 sq km. The European and Asian sides are divided by the Istanbul Bogazl (Bosphorus), the Sea of Marmara, and the ,Canakkale Bogazi (Dardanelles). Anatolia is a high plateau region rising progressively towards the east, and is broken by the valleys of about fifteen rivers, including the Dicle (Tigris) and the Flrat (Euphrates). There are numerous lakes and some, such as Lake Van, are as large as inland seas. In the north, the eastern Black Sea Mountain chain runs parallel to the Black Sea; in the south, the Taurus Mountains sweep down almost to the narrow, fertile coastal plain along the sea coast. Turkey enjoys a variety of climates, changing from the temperate climate of the Black Sea region, to the continental climate of the interior, then, to the Mediterranean climate of the Aegean and Mediterranean coastal regions.The coastline of Turkey's four seas is more than 8333 km long.

In recent years Turkey has become a major tourist destination in Europe. With the rapid development of both summer and winter resorts, more and more people from all over the world are able to enjoy the history, culture, and beautiful sites of Turkey. From swimming in the Mediterranean to skiing in Uludag, Turkey has some thing to offer each tourist. Agriculture plays a very important role in the Turkish economy. The main crops are wheat, rice, cotton, tea, tobacco, hazelnuts, and fruit. Sheep are Turkey's most important livestock, and Turkey is one of European wool and cotton producer. The principal minerals extracted are coal, chrome (an important export), iron, copper, bauxite, marble and sulphur. Industry is developing rapidly and is directed mainly towards the processing of agricultural products, metallurgy, textiles, and the manufacture of automobiles and agricultural machinery

Marmara, Aegean, and Mediterranean coasts have a typical Mediterranean climate with hot summers and mild winters. Black Sea Coast has remperate climate with warm summers, mild winters, and relatively high rainfall.Central Anatolia have a steppe climate with hot, dry summers and cold winters. Eastern Anatolia is long snowy cold winters with mild summers. Southeast Anatolia have a hot summer with mild, rainy winters.

The national monetary unit is the Turkish Lira (TL.). The coinage is in 50,000- 100,000 and 250,000 lira pieces. Bank notes are of 500,000-1,000,000- 5,000,000- 10,000,000 and 20,000,000 lira. The exchange rates for foreign currencies are published daily. Eurocheques can be cashed immediately, as can traveller's cheques upon producing identification.There is no limit on the amount of foreign currency that may be brought into Turkey, but not more than USD 5,000 worth of Turkish currency may be brought into or taken out of the country.

According to 2000 census Turkey has nearly 70 million inhabitants, 41% of whom live in the countryside. The major cities are: Istanbul (9.8 mil); Ankara, the capital (3.8 mil); izmir (3.2 mil); Adana (1.9 mil); Antalya (1.1 mil); and Bursa (1.6 mil). The Turkish population is 99% Muslim. Turkey is a secular state and guarantees complete freedom of worship to non-Moslems.

The Turkish language belongs to the Ural Altaic group and has an affinity to the Finno Hungarian languages. Turkish is written in the Latin alphabet and is spoken by some 150 million people around the world

The Turkish language belongs to the Ural Altaic group and has an affinity to the Finno Hungarian languages. Turkish is written in the Latin alphabet and is spoken by some 150 million people around the world

The Turkish Republic is based on secular democratic, pluralist and parliamentary system, where human rights are protected by law and social justice. The National Assembly is elected by popular vote and the nation is governed by the Council of Ministers headed by the Prime Minister. Turkey is a founding member of OECD, the Black Sea Economic Cooperation Organisation, a member of NATO, the European Council and the European Parliament, and an associate member of the European Community

The Turkish Republic is based on secular democratic, pluralist and parliamentary system, where human rights are protected by law and social justice. The National Assembly is elected by popular vote and the nation is governed by the Council of Ministers headed by the Prime Minister. Turkey is a founding member of OECD, the Black Sea Economic Cooperation Organisation, a member of NATO, the European Council and the European Parliament, and an associate member of the European Community.

Turkey is the oldest democracy in the region, only secular muslim country in the world, a democratic government since 1923, owns a rapidly growing free market economy and also a cultural bridge for Europe, Asia and Middle East

DID YOU KNOW THAT?

The only city in the world located on two continents is Istanbul, which has been the Capital of three great empires, Roman, Byzantine and Ottoman for more than 2000 years.

The number of archaeological excavations going on in Turkey every year is at least 150.
The oldest known human settlement is in Catalhoyuk, Turkey  (7500 BC).

Temple of Artemis and the Mausoleum at Halicarnassus, the two of the seven wonders of the ancient world, are in Turkey.

Prophet Abraham was born in Urfa city in Southeastern Turkey.

Anatolia is the birthplace of historic legends, such as Omar (the poet), King Midas, Herodotus (the father of history) and St. Paul the Apostle.

Julius Ceasar proclaimed his celebrated words, "Veni, Vidi, Vici" (I came, I saw, I conquered) in Turkey when he defeated the Pontus, a formidable kingdom in the Black Sea region of Turkey.

Turks introduced coffee to Europe.

Turks gave the Dutch their famous tulips.

St. Nicholas, who became popular as Father Christmas, was born in Patara and was bishop in Myra, on Turkey's Mediterranean Coast.

According to legend, Noah's Ark landed on Agri Dagi (Mount Ararat) in Eastern Turkey.

The last meal on Noah's Ark, a pudding with nearly 20 ingredients, is still served throughout Turkey.

The last home of Virgin Mary is in Selcuk.

St. John, St. Nicholas, St. Paul and St. Peter have all lived and prayed in Southern Anatolia.

Part of Turkey's southwestern shore was a wedding gift that Mark Anthony gave to Cleopatra.

Homer was born in Izmir on the west coast of Turkey and he depicted Troy in his Epic the Iliad.

Aesop, famous for his fables and parables, was born in Anatolia.

Leonardo da Vinci drew designs for a bridge over the Bosphorus, the strait that flows through Europe and Asia. It was never built.

Alexander the Great conquered a large territory in what is now Turkey and cut the Gordion Knot in the Phrygian capital (Gordium) not far from Turkey's present-day capital (Ankara).

Istanbul's Robert College (established in 1863), is the oldest American school outside the United States.

Early Christians escaping Roman persecution nearly 2000 years ago sheltered in Cappadocia in Central Anatolia.

The Amazons originated in Turkey's northeastern region.

The Famous Trojan Wars took place in western Turkey, around the site where a wooden statue of the Trojan Horse rests today.

According to Turkish tradition a stranger at one's doorstep is considered "A Guest from God" and should be accommodated accordingly.

The first church built by man (St. Peter's Church) is in Antioch (Antakya).

The first Ecumenical Council was held in Iznik.

Suleyman the Magnificent (the famous Ottoman Sultan) was a poet who wrote over 3000 poems, some of them criticizing the greed of mankind.

Turkey is a long-time member of NATO (North Atlantic Treaty Organization) since 1952.

Turkey provides 70% of the world's hazelnuts; the nut in your chocolate bar was most probably grown in Turkey.

Istanbul has a 540-year-old covered shopping mall of 64 streets, 4000 shops, 22 entrances and 25,000 workers, -the famous Grand Bazaar.

The most valuable silk carpet in the world, is in the Mevlana Museum, Konya with 144 knots per square centimeter. In the 13th century, Marco Polo wrote "the best and handsomest of rugs are woven here, and also silks of crimson and other rich colors".

Hezarfen Ahmed Celebi was the first man who flew a significant distance using wings across the Bosphorus.

Anatolia is the location of the first known beauty contest, judged by Paris, with Aphrodite, Hera and Athena as leading participants.

Anatolia was producing wine as early as 4000BC.

Turkey receives children from around the world each year on 23rd April to "honor and cherish the freedom and independence of all people".

Anatolia is the location of Seven Churches of Asia.

Anatolia is the origin of the names of Paris, Philadelphia and Europe.

LINKS

Here are some links for further info to help you learn more

about Turkey & Istanbul below;

Ministry of Culture and Tourism’s official page:

www.kultur.gov.tr

Metropolitan Municipality of Istanbul:

www.ibb.gov.tr

Weather in Turkey:

www.meteor.gov.tr

Descriptions about Istanbul, its museums,mosques and to meet a local guide, click:

http://www.istanbulwithme.exactpages.com

Our company’s first web page especially offering detailed information about more than 200 hotels in Turkey and online reservation  possibility with suggested roundtrip itinaries in different regions of Turkey:

http://www.istanbulwithme.com

Our webpage to rich Turkish speaking clientele:

http://www.bizimletatil.exactpages.com

Pictures of commuter ferries in istanbul:

http://community.webshots.com/user/istanbulwithme

Thanks for contribution and best pictures about Turkey:

http://www.wowturkey.com

Another recommended web page about the trips to Istanbul:

http://www.sevenhillssightseeing.exactpages.com

 

 

info@sevenhillssightseeing.com